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Gharar :
Literally: uncertainty, hazard, chance or risk. Technically, sale of a thing which is not present at hand; or the sale of a thing whose consequence or outcome is not known; or a sale involving risk or hazard in which one does not know whether it will come to be or not, such as fish in water or a bird in the air. Gambling is a form of gharar because the gambler is ignorant of the result of the gamble. There are several types of gharar, all of which are haram. The following are some examples:

• Selling goods that the seller is unable to deliver
• Selling known or unknown goods against an unknown price, such as selling the contents of a sealed box
• Selling goods without proper description, such as shop owner selling clothes with unspecified sizes
• Selling goods without specifying the price, such as selling at the 'going price'
• Making a contract conditional on an unknown event, such as when my friend arrives if the time is not specified
• Selling goods on the basis of false description
• Selling goods without allowing the buyer the properly examine the goods


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